Bronchial asthma (also known as asthma) is a lung disease. Excess mucus narrows and swells your airways, causing them to become blocked. These symptoms can be treated with medications.
What is asthma?
Asthma, also known as bronchial asthma, is a respiratory disease. It's a chronic (ongoing) condition, which means it won't go away and requires ongoing medical care.
Asthma affects more than 25 million people in the U.S. currently. This total includes more than 5 million children. Asthma can be life-threatening if you don’t get treatment.
What is an asthma attack?
When you breathe normally, the muscles around your airways are relaxed, letting air move easily and quietly. During an asthma attack, three things can happen:
- Bronchospasm: The muscles around the airways constrict (tighten). When they tighten, it makes your airways narrow. Air cannot flow freely through constricted airways.
- Inflammation: The lining of your airways becomes swollen. Swollen airways don’t let as much air into or out of your lungs.
- Mucus production: During the attack, your body creates more mucus. This thick mucus clogs the airways.
When your airways become tighter, you make a sound called wheezing when you breathe, and your airways make a noise when you exhale. An asthma attack may also be referred to as an exacerbation or a flare-up. It refers to when your asthma is uncontrolled.
What types of asthma are there?
Asthma is broken down into types based on the cause and the severity of symptoms. Healthcare providers identify asthma as:
- Intermittent asthma: This type of asthma comes and goes, allowing you to feel normal in between asthma attacks.
- Persistent: Persistent asthma means you have symptoms most of the time. Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe. Healthcare providers base asthma severity on how often you have symptoms. They also consider how well you can do things during an attack.
Asthma has multiple causes:
- Allergies: Asthma attacks can be triggered by allergies in some people. Molds, pollens, and pet dander are examples of allergens.
- Non-allergic: Asthma flare-ups can be triggered by external factors. Exercise, stress, illness, and the weather can all trigger a flare.
Asthma can also be:
- Adult-onset asthma: This type of asthma develops after the age of 18.
- Pediatric asthma: Pediatric asthma, also known as childhood asthma, often begins before the age of five and can affect infants and toddlers. Asthma can be overcome in children. You should consult with your provider before deciding whether your child needs to have an inhaler on hand in case of an asthma attack. Your child's doctor can help you understand the risks.
In addition, there are these types of asthma:
- Exercise-induced asthma: Exercise causes this type of bronchospasm, which is also known as exercise-induced bronchospasm.
- Occupational asthma: This type of asthma affects people who work with irritating substances.
- Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS): When you have both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, you have this type of COPD. Both diseases make breathing difficult.
Who can get asthma?
Asthma can strike anyone at any age. Asthma is more likely to develop in people who have allergies or who have been exposed to tobacco smoke. This includes both secondhand and thirdhand smoke (exposure to someone else who is smoking) and exposure to clothing or surfaces in places where some have smoked.
According to statistics, people who are assigned female at birth are more likely to have asthma than people who are assigned male at birth. Black people are more likely than other races to suffer from asthma.
What causes asthma?
Researchers don’t know why some people have asthma while others don’t. But certain factors present a higher risk:
- Allergies: If you have allergies, you are more likely to develop asthma.
- Environmental factors: Asthma can be caused by things that make the airways irritated. Allergens, toxins, fumes, and second- or third-hand smoke are examples of these substances. These are especially dangerous for infants and young children, whose immune systems are still developing.
- Genetics: If you have a family history of asthma or allergic diseases, you are more likely to develop the disease.
- Respiratory infections: Certain respiratory infections, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), can harm the developing lungs of young children.
What are common asthma attack triggers?
If you come into contact with irritants, you may experience an asthma attack. These substances are referred to as "triggers" by medical professionals. Knowing what causes your asthma attacks makes it easier to avoid them.
For some people, a trigger can immediately cause an attack. An attack may begin hours or days later for other people or at different times.
Triggers can differ from person to person. However, some common triggers include:
- Air pollution: A variety of factors outside can trigger an asthma attack. Air pollution comes from a lot of different things, like factory emissions, car exhaust, and smoke from wildfires.
- Dust mites: These bugs are not visible, but they are present in our homes. If you are allergic to dust mites, this can trigger an asthma attack.
- Exercise: Exercise can trigger an attack in some people.
- Mold: Mold can grow in damp areas, which can be problematic if you have asthma. An attack does not even require being allergic to mould.
- Pests: Asthma attacks can be triggered by cockroaches, mice, and other household pests.
- Pets: Asthma attacks can be triggered by your pets. Breathing in pet dander (dried skin flakes) can irritate your airways if you are allergic to it.
- Tobacco smoke: If you or someone in your household smokes, you are more likely to develop asthma. You should never smoke in enclosed spaces such as a car or your home, and the best solution is to stop smoking entirely. Your service provider can assist you.
- Strong chemicals or smells. These things can trigger attacks in some people.
- Certain occupational exposures At work, you might be around cleaning products, flour or wood dust, and other chemicals, among other things. If you have asthma, these can all be triggers.
Which medicine is useful for treating asthma?
Iverheal 3 asthma medication is essential in asthma management. Some medications prevent or reduce airway inflammation. Others halt the allergic reaction that causes symptoms. Iverheal 3 relieves coughing and wheezing and improves breathing.
Your doctor will work with you to find the best combination of medications to control your asthma. The type and amount will be adjusted based on your symptoms and the type of asthma you have. The goal of asthma treatment is to make you feel good while using as little medication as possible.
Iverheal 3 is an anti-inflammatory medicine that is used to treat and stop inflammation and swelling in the respiratory tract. They also help to reduce mucus. To prevent and control symptoms, this medication is usually taken on a daily basis. They aid in the prevention and avoidance of asthma attacks.
You will not feel any different after using the anti-inflammatory drug Iverheal 3. These drugs produce immediate results. This is due to the time it takes for airway inflammation to subside and mucus and excess fluid to leave the airways. Even if you don't notice any changes right away, keep using it as directed.
What is asthma control?
The goal of asthma treatment is to control symptoms. Asthma control means you:
- can do the things you want to do at work and home.
- Have no (or only minor) asthma symptoms.
- You rarely need to use your reliever medicine (rescue inhaler).
- Sleep without asthma interrupting your rest.
What should I do if I have a severe asthma attack?
If you have a severe asthma attack, you should seek medical attention right away.
The first step should be to use your rescue inhaler. A rescue inhaler uses quick-acting medications to clear your airways. It is not the same as a maintenance inhaler, which you use every day. When your symptoms are bothering you, use the rescue inhaler; if your flare is severe, use it more frequently.
If your rescue inhaler does not work or you do not have it on hand, go to the emergency room if you have:
- Anxiety or panic.
- Bluish fingernails bluish lips (in light-skinned people) or gray or whitish lips or gums (in dark-skinned people)
- chest pain or pressure.
- Coughing that won’t stop or severe wheezing when you breathe
- Difficulty talking.
- Pale, sweaty face.
- very quick or rapid breathing.
What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
Asthmatics typically exhibit obvious symptoms. These signs and symptoms are similar to those of many respiratory infections:
- chest tightness, pain, or pressure.
- coughing (especially at night).
- shortness of breath.
With asthma, you may not experience all of these symptoms at the same time. Chronic asthma can cause a variety of symptoms and signs at different times. Symptoms can also change between asthma attacks.